DPC 27, Dairy Manure Management from Barn to Storage

Item #: DPC-027

Published: 1998

Pages: 36

This Guideine provides information on manure management from barn to storage, with insight on planning and impementation. It is important to plan ahead for small and large improvements in dairy manure systems to predict the costs, risks, savings, and operating changes that will occur. There are many options, thus careful and objective planning is a key to success.

NOTE: This document was originally published in cooperation with the Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service (NRAES), a cooperative program of 13 Land Grant Universities and USDA. NRAES became the Natural Resource, Agriculture and Engineering Service. NRAES is no longer active in any form and has become part of Plant & Life Sciences Publishing (PALS) at Cornell University. This document in its present form has been discontinued under NRAES/PALS. It is currently archived under the DPC but is still available.

DISCLAIMER: The DPC is not responsible for the use or application of the information provided in this Guideline. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the information addresses their needs and that any action taken complies with appropriate regulations and standards.

Table of Contents:
Section 1:  Planning, Getting Help, and Meeting Regulations
     Planning
     Getting Help
     Meeting Regulations
     Safety
Section 2:  Manure Characteristics and Production
     Manure Characteristics
     Manure Production
     Effects of Adding Bedding and Water
     Solids Separation
     Other Characteristics-Drying and Freezing
Section 3:  Manure Management Alternatives
     Moisture Content and Management Options
     Manure Collection Systems
Section 4:  Transferring Manure from Barn to Storage
     Gravity Pipes for Transferring Manure
     Manure Type
     Collecting Hopper
     Transfer Pipe
     Gravity Channels
     Equipment Options for Moving Manure to and from Storage
     Pumping Manure to Storage
Section 5:  Manure Storage
     Evaluating Manure Storage Options
     Daily Haul
     Uncovered Storages
     Stacks
     Earthen Bank with Concrete Floor
     Earthen Bank with Earthen Floor
     Earthen Bank with Polyethylene Liner
     Anaerobic Lagoon
     In-Ground Tank
     Aboveground Silo or Rectangular Tank
     Picket Dam
     Covered Storages
     Underground Tank beneath Slotted Floor
     Roofed Vertical-Wall Storage
     Bedded Pack
     Solid Manure Storage
     Construction
     Size
     Runoff Control
     Bedding
     Semisolid Manure Storage
     Covered Semisolid Manure Storages
     Picket Dam Drains
     Earthen Basin Storages
     Vertical-Wall Storages
     Sizing Manure Storage Units
     Manure Volume
     Volume of Bedding, Wastewater, and Runoff
     Extra Depth for Precipitation, Dead Space, and Freeboard
Sample Situations and Solutions for Sizing Storages
     Situation 1
     Situation 2
     Situation 3
Management of Storages
     Safety Concerns
     Filling
     Unloading
     Fly Control
     Odor Control
     Common Conversion Factors
References
List of Figures
Figure 1 Manure collection systems
Figure 2 Gravity-flow manure storage system
Figure 3 Reception pit and gravity pipe
Figure 4  Manure spreader or reception pit and gravity pipe
Figure 5 Collecting hoppers in freestall alleys
Figure 6 Cross section of a typical collecting hopper
Figure 7 Sump design to prevent storage backflow when pumping from a lower elevation
Figure 8  Centrifugal pump impellers
Figure 9 Open impeller chopper agitator pump
Table 4 Liquid manure handling pumps
Figure 10 Flooded suction arrangement
Figure 12  Semisolid manure storage
Figure 13  Guidelines for picket dam construction
Figure 14.a
Figure 14.b
List of Tables
Table 1  Manure production from all animals in a typical dairy herd with 80 milking cows plus dry cows and replacements
Table 2  Equipment options for moving manure into the storage area
Table 3  Equipment options for removing manure from the storage area
Table 5  Suitability of storage systems for three types of manure
Table 6 Typical floor area (square feet) of solid manure storages for a four month storage
Table 7 Runoff-collecting pond size for a six-month storage
Table 8 Bedding material water absorbing capacity (bedding at 10% moisture)
Table 9  Bedding material density
Table 10  Bedding requirements
Table 11 Volume of bedding in storage per cow per day
Table 12 Estimated volume of wastewater from milking centers
Table 13 Circular storage dimensions to hold a given volume
Table 14 Rectangular storage with side slopes 2:1, top dimensions to hold a given volume

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DPC 27, Dairy Manure Management from Barn to Storage

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