DPC 59, Production and Regulation of Quality Dairy Goat Milk

Item #: DPC-059

Published: 2013

Pages: 19

This guideline deals with milk quality standards as applied to goat milk and is considered an introductory guideline to goat milk production. The Dairy Practices Council has a Task Force dealing specifically with small ruminant issues and more detailed information is available in other Guidelines.

This guideline lists the regulatory standards and laboratory methods that have been identified as appropriate by the National Conference on Interstate Milk Shipments (NCIMS). The guideline also deals with production systems and procedures, as well as management practices, essential for producing high quality goat milk.

DISCLAIMER: The DPC is not responsible for the use or application of the information provided in this Guideline. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the information addresses their needs and that any action taken complies with appropriate regulations and standards.

Table of Contents:
INTRODUCTION
HISTORY OF GOAT MILK IN THE UNITED STATES
REGULATION - NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INTERSTATE MILK SHIPMENTS
SUMMARY OF ISSUES RESOLVED:
Somatic Cell Count (SCC)
Natural Inhibitors
ISSUES STILL TO BE RESOLVED:
Mastitis
Other Tests
Unique Properties
Brucellosis Testing
QUALITY STANDARDS
BACTERIA
PRELIMINARY INCUBATION COUNT (PI)
SOMATIC CELL COUNT
ANTIBIOTIC RESIDUE TEST
FLAVOR AND ODOR
LACTOSE
QUALITY CONTROL
MASTITIS
PASTEURIZATION
MILKING SYSTEMS
HAND MILKING
MACHINE MILKING WITH A BUCKET MILKER
FIGURE 1.  WOOD GOAT MILK STAND FOR HOME PRODUCTION
TABLE 1.  BUCKET SYSTEMS
PIPELINE MILKING SYSTEM
FIGURE 2.  SCHEMATIC OF A PIPELINE MILKING SYSTEM
FIGURE 3. EXAMPLE OF PROPER ELECTRICAL BONDING OF MILK LINE
TABLE 2.  VACUUM REQUIREMENTS FOR MILKING PIPELINE SYTEMS
Vacuum Pump Size
Vacuum Level
TABLE 3.  MINIMUM AIR FLOW (ASME) FOR WASHING
TABLE 4.  GUIDELINES TO ASSURE STRATIFIED FLOW IN LOOPED MILKLINES
TYPES OF MILKING PARLORS
HERRINGBONE PARLOR
STRAIGHT-THROUGH PARLOR
PARALLEL PARLOR
SIDE-OPENING PARLOR
ROTARY PARLOR
ELEVATED STANDS
PARLOR MECHANIZATION
MILKING PARLOR CONSTRUCTION
MILKING PROCEDURES
UDDER PREPARATION
MILKING
POST MILKING DISINFECTION
CLEANING MILKING EQUIPMENT
MILKROOM
CONCLUSION
MILKING PROCEDURE USING PREDIPPING
EXPLANATION OF MILKING PROCEDURE

All DPC Guidelines go through an extensive peer review process. More information is available here.

DPC 59, Production and Regulation of Quality Dairy Goat Milk

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